Anisa Abeytia is a research and policy professional with a background in humanitarian diplomacy. She worked with Congress, the Department of Homeland Security and the State Department to shape US – Syria policy, with a focus on domestic immigration. Her research interests include: the social inclusion of Syrian refugees in Europe, the role of online platforms on the social inclusion of vulnerable populations in offline environments and access to socio-spatiality in the upward mobility of refugee populations. She regularly presents her research internationally, most recently at the University of Cambridge. Her articles are published via national and international web based and print media, including a book chapter and policy briefs for UNESCO and The Hill. She is the recipient of a Student Forum Award (2019) from the American Sociological Society and an Emerging Scholar Grant from the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, University of Indiana/Purdue. Previously, Anisa operated a private practice as a clinical nutritionist in Dubai, specializing in utilizing the field of epigenetics to understand hypothyroidism and endocrine dysfunction. She is a published poet, former USC varsity rower and worked in Hollywood for the producer of the Godfather.
is a Romanian qualified attorney-at-law with more than ten years of legal experience in representing and assisting clients in commercial and civil law cases before Romanian national courts (various commercial contracts litigations, negotiations, property litigation etc.). In the last few years she has gained an academic background in international arbitration, investment treaty arbitration, international energy law through master of law programs, participation in several international arbitration and energy conferences, and webinars (ICC-YAF, PwC Romania, ICC, LCIA, ICDR, SIAC, Delos, AIPN, etc.). She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M) in International Arbitration from the University of Bucharest, Romania; a Master of Laws (LL.M) in Investment Treaty Arbitration from the University of Uppsala, Sweden; and a Master of Laws (LL.M) in Energy Law with Professional Skills from the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, the UK.
When Homer described war he spared his audience the gore by torturing the grammar, by pulling apart the line, reshaping it to convey the horror. He moved his audience not with the superlative of violence, but instead, elicited the fevered cadence of battle.
As a refugee in Calais, Coronavirus is the least of my concerns’ – Refugee Camps during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Coronavirus or ‘COVID-19’ amongst other labels, has been referred to as ‘the virus that doesn’t discriminate.’ In reality, certain vulnerable groups in society, particularly refugees, have become more isolated during the pandemic due to a lack of ‘pre-existing conditions such as medical, economic, social, political and racial (Ironstone, 2020; Solnit, 2020).
Phil is an investigative journalist and author of Keenie Meenie: The British Mercenaries Who Got Away With War Crimes (Pluto Press, 2020).
The swarm that we already are: Artificially Intelligent (AI) swarming ‘insect drones’, targeting and international humanitarian law in a posthuman ecology
Over the last fifty-odd years the US Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) has launched programs aiming at emulating and incorporating insect technologies in military technology. The US Army Unmanned Aircrafts Systems Roadmap 2010–2035 has specified insect swarming as a field of development for Unmanned Aviation Systems. While legal scholarship has paid substantial attention to drones, autonomous weapons systems and artificial intelligence (AI), developments based on insect swarming technologies have been largely ignored. This article takes emerging AI swarming technologies in military warfare systems as its starting point and asks about the significance of the swarming insect in and through contemporary International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and warfare. Taking up Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s notions of ‘the swarm’ and the ‘war machine’, and drawing on critical environmental legal scholarship, the article argues that rather than dispersing the human from its central position in the ‘targeting loop’, the increased interest in insects for commercial and warfare purposes is an intensification of transhumanist desires and an acceleration of late capitalism. As a counter-move, and as a contribution to a posthumanist turn in IHL, the article calls for becoming-insect, swarm and minoritarian as an epistemological practice and ontological shift in IHL and its critical scholarship, resulting in a posthumanitarian legal ordering of becoming.
Louise Glück’s poetry collection “The Wild Iris” arrived to me from a used books shop, dedicated “To Ruthy, with love from Mom, on your 43rd birthday”. When I order used books the traces of their prior lives are often as interesting as are their original texts.
Notes on: Barbara Johnson (2014) “My Monster/My Self” in B. Johnson A Life with Mary Shelley (Stanford University Press)
By Matilda Arvidsson In “My Monster/My Self” Barbara Johnson brings forth some fundamental insights into what it means to be a writing subject: a “self” who authors and authorises a text/being in her own image: this is the monster whose existence is irreversible reminding of its author as well as the impossibility of conflation with the author. While researching the ways in which international law as well as international legal scholarship emerges I’ve found Johnson’s “My Monster/My Self” helpful for mapping questions of authority, authorship, subjectivity and ways in which the “self” is embedded in the laws we study and scholarships we pursue.
Judith Butler’s theory of the emergence of the subject as interrelated with its others has been formative to my thinking about what legal subjectivity is and how it comes about.