Robyn Hederman, JD, is an Associate Court Attorney in New York State Supreme Court. She is a fellow of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics and the co-chair of the Animal Law Committee of the New York City Bar Association. Her publications include “The Gallinger Bill, a Bill to Regulate Animal Experimentation in the District of Columbia: Forerunner of the 1966 Laboratory Animal Welfare Act” in Animal Ethics and Animal Law (Lexington Books, 2022), “Gender and the Animal Experiments Controversy in Nineteenth-Century America” in The Ethical Case against Animal Experimentation (University of Illinois Press, 2018), and “The Cost of Cruelty: Henry Bergh and the Abattoirs” in Ethical Vegetarianism and Veganism (Routledge, 2019).  She has a Master of Arts in history and is a member of the Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society. Her research interests include gender and the history of the anti-vivisection movement in the United States.