Animal Dignity

Photo from Pexels by Alexas


  • Long, Andrew. n.d. “The Expanding Circle of Dignity.” In What Can Animal Law Learn from Environmental Law?, edited by Randall S Abate.
  • Gruen, Lori. 2018. “Incarceration, Liberty, and Dignity.” In The Palgrave Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics, edited by Andrew Linzey and Clair Linzey, 153–63. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Nussbaum, Martha C. 2004. “Beyond ‘Compassion and Humanity’ : Justice for Nonhuman Animals.” In Animal Rights : Current Debates and New Directions, edited by Cass R. Sunstein and Martha C. Nussbaum, 299–320. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Schaber, Peter. 2015. “Dignity Only for Humans? On the Dignity and Inherent Value of Non-Human Beings.” In The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, edited by Marcus Düwell, Jens Braarvig, Roger Brownsword, and Dietmar Mieth, 546–50. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Vining, Joseph. 2013. “Dignity as Perception: Recognition of the Human Individual and the Individual Animal in Legal Thought.” In Understanding Human Dignity, edited by C. Mc Crudden, 573. Oxford University Press.


  • Ash, Kyle. 2005. “International Animal Rights: Speciesism and Exclusionary Human Dignity.” Animal Law 11: 195–214.
  • Bernet Kempers, Eva. 2020. “Animal Dignity and the Law: Potential, Problems and Possible Implications.” Liverpool Law Review 41 (2): 173–199. 
  • Bilchitz, David. 2009. “Moving beyond Arbitrariness: The Legal Personhood and Dignity of Non-Human Animals.” South African Journal on Human Rights 25 (1): 38–72. 
  • Bolliger, Gieri. 2016. Legal Protection of Animal Dignity in Switzerland: Status Quo and Future Perspectives. Zürich: Schulthess Juristische Medien AG.
  • Brom, Frans W A. 2000. “The Good Life of Creatures with Dignity Some Comments on the Swiss Expert Opinion.” Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1–2): 53–63. 
  • Chapman, Audrey R. 2010. “Inconsistency of Human Rights Approaches to Human Dignity with Transhumanism.” American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7): 61–63. 
  • Chauvet, David J. 2018. “Should Cultured Meat Be Refused in the Name of Animal Dignity?” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2): 387–411. 
  • Degrazia, David. 2007. “Human-Animal Chimeras: Human Dignity, Moral Status, and Species Prejudice.” Metaphilosophy 38 (2–3): 309–29.
  • Friedli, Katharina, and Heinrich Binder. 2020. “The Dignity of Kangal Fish in the Context of the Swiss Animal Protection Act.” Animals 10 (4): 1–10. 
  • Gavrell Ortiz, Sara Elizabeth. 2004. “Beyond Welfare: Animal Integrity, Animal Dignity, and Genetic Engineering.” Ethics and the Environment 9 (1): 94–120. 
  • Giménez-Candela, Marita. 2018. “Dignity, Sentience, Personality: The Legal Relationship between Animals and Humans.” Animal (Forum of Animal Law Studies) 9: 17–28. 
  • Hadley, John. 2017. “From Welfare to Rights without Changing the Subject.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (5): 993–1004. 
  • Humphreys, Rebekah. 2016. “Dignity and Its Violation Examined within the Context of Animal Ethics.” Ethics and the Environment 21 (2): 143–62. 
  • Kotzmann, Jane, and Cassandra Seery. 2017. “Dignity in International Human Rights Law: Potential Applicability in Relation to International Recognition of Animal Rights.” Michigan State International Law Review 26 (1): 1–42.
  • Kumar, Charvi. 2015. “The Concept of Human Dignity and Its Applicability to Non-Human Animals.” The Rights 1: 1–1.
  • Lansink, Anne. 2017. “The Use of Dignity in EU and UK Animal Protection Laws” 1.
  • Lansink, Anne. 2019. “Technological Innovation and Animal Law: Does Dignity Do the Trick?” European Journal of Risk Regulation 10 (1): 80–93. 
  • Matthias, Andreas. 1948. “Dignity and Dissent in Humans and Non-Humans.” 
  • Mester, Bél A. n.d. “Dignity of Human Beings-Dignity of Animal Beings A Case Study: Bulls as Gladiators.” Accessed March 20, 2019. 
  • Persson, Kirsten, Bernice Simone Elger, and David Martin Shaw. 2017. “The Indignity of Relative Concepts of Animal Dignity: A Qualitative Study of People Working with Nonhuman Animals.” Anthrozoos 30 (2): 237–47. 
  • Pietrzykowski, Tomasz. 2021. “Against Dignity: An Argument for a Non-Metaphysical Foundation of Animal Law.” Archiwum Filozofii Prawa i Filozofii Społecznej 2: 69–82. 
  • Reed, Elizabeth Loder. 2016. “Animal Dignity.” Animal Law 23: 1–64.
  • Schindler, Stefanie. 2013. “The Animal’s Dignity in Swiss Animal Welfare Legislation – Challenges and Opportunities.” European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 84 (2): 251–54. 
  • Schinkel, Anders. 2008. “Martha Nussbaum on Animal Rights.” Ethics and the Environment 13 (1): 41–69.
  • Schultz-Bergin, Marcus. 2017. “The Dignity of Diminished Animals: Species Norms and Engineering to Improve Welfare.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):
  • Singh M. Bora, Siddharth, and Zélia M. Bora. 2017. “Capability Approach Theory and the Dignity of Nonhuman Animals: Establishing a New Ethical Paradigm in Animal Law.” Revista Brasileira de Direito Animal 12 (1): 53–80. 
  • Sloan, Katherine. 2015. “Death without Dignity: The Misnomer of Euthanasia in the State Animal Shelter System and a Call for a No-Kill Florida” 1 (1): 8–23. 
  • Winter, Christine J. 2019. “Animal, Vegetable, Mineral: Dignity in/for the Anthropocene.” Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 53 (9): 1689–99.
  • Wise, Steven M. 1998. “Hardly a Revolution—the Eligibility of Nonhuman Animals for Dignity-Rights in a Liberal Democracy.” Victoria Law Review 22: 793.
  • Zuolo, Federico. 2016. “Dignity and Animals. Does It Make Sense to Apply the Concept of Dignity to All Sentient Beings?” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (5).