War, Conflict & Global Migration
Think Tank Programme
Migration is a very delicate matter that needs to be addressed appropriately and has been a subject of intense debate in recent times. This paper tries to look at this phenomenon of migration in relation with poverty and education. Poverty is the outcome of mismanagement of human and natural resources. It can be considered as one of the major root-causes of migration. Inspite of various Constitutional provisions and a number of legislations enacted for the betterment of migrant population, the plight of the migrants and their children have not drastically been changed. The children of the migrant laborers are still being denied not only their right to education but also right to childhood and right to livelihood; the women are victims of all kinds of exploitations, harassments and humiliations. Unless or until we change the adopted pattern of development for years, in all spheres of national life and make all developments human centric, migration cannot be stopped and the prevailing pathetic condition of the migrants, their children and families continue to be present in different forms.
International and Non-International Armed Conflicts and Application of International Humanitarian Law as Lex Specialis
Does the distinction between international and non-international armed conflicts still exist or has it been virtually eliminated? If there are no distinctions and same set of rules govern both international and non-international armed conflicts, will the international humanitarian law apply as the lex specialis to the exclusion of the international human rights law in all armed conflicts, whether international or noninternational in character? This article addresses these issues with the help of legal instruments and case laws.
Since mid 2005, Israel has become a destination for thousands of Africans who are willing to take a long and risky journey to the country in order to escape the harsh realities of their own surroundings. However, Israel’s policies towards asylum seekers have been mostly exclusionary and at times contradictory in nature which has mainly aimed at controlling and limiting entrance to its territory. Israel also does not have a proper system in place to monitor this influx. Nonetheless, once as per the authorities, a critical threshold has been crossed, asylum seekers are seen as a threat which can no longer be allowed to enter the territory. Accommodating measures have also often been rejected by citing self-preservation considerations. But despite this, the Asylum crisis in Israel is only known to few and very little is written about the meaning and significance of these developments.