Animals & Biodiversity
Think Tank Programme
Global Animal Law - International Animal Protection
Brels, S. (2017) Le droit du bien-être animal dans le monde. L’Harmattan
Blackman, D. E. (1989) Animal welfare and the law. Cambridge University Press
Bryant, T. L., Huss, R. J., Cassuto, D. N. (2008) Animal Law and the Courts: A Reader. West Academic Publishing
Cao, D. (2016) Animal Law and Welfare. International Perspectives. Springer Verlag Italia
Chan, B. (2015) Animal Ethics, International Animal Protection and Confucianism. University of Durham John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Chapouthier, G., Nouët, J.-C. (1998) The Universal Declaration of Animal Rights. Comments and Intentions. Fondation Ligue Française des Droits de l’Animal
Cioc, M. (2009). The game of conservation: international treaties to protect the world’s migratory animals. Ohio University Press.
Favre, D. (2008) Animal Law: Welfare, Interests, and Rights. Aspen Publishers Inc., U.S.
Irwin, P.G. (2003). A strategic review of international animal protection. In D.J. Salem & A.N. Rowan (Eds.), The state of the animals II: 2003 (pp. 1-8). Washington, DC: Humane Society Press
Kelch, T. G. (2017). Globalization and animal law: Comparative law, international law and international trade. Kluwer Law International BV.
Kivinen, T. (2014) The ethics of international animal law. Helsingfors Universitet
Linzey, A. (2013) The global guide to animal protection. University of Illinois Press
Peters, A. (2020) Studies in Global Animal Law. Springer Verlag Heidelberg
Peters, A. (2021) Animals in International Law. Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law, Recueil des Cours vol. 410. Leiden: Brill, pp. 95-544
Peters, A., Kolb, R., de Hemptinne, J. (2021) Animals in the International Law of Armed Conflict. Cambridge: CUP
Robertson, I. A. (2015) Animals, Welfare and the Law: Fundamental Principles for Critical Assessment. Routledge
Steier, G. (2016) International Farm Animal, Wildlife and Food Safety Law. Springer
Trent, N., Edwards, S., Felt, J., O’Meara, K. (2005) International Animal Law, with a Concentration on Latin America, Asia, and Africa. In Salem, D.J. and Rowan, A. N., The State of the Animals III, pp. 65-77.
Blattner, C. E. (2015). Global Animal Law: Hope Beyond Illusion: The Potential and Potential Limits of International Law in Regulating Animal Matters. Mid-Atlantic J. on L. & Pub. Pol’y, 3, 10.
Blattner, C. (2017). Can Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Help Overcome Regulatory Gaps of Animal Law? Insights from Trophy Hunting. AJIL Unbound, 111, 419-424.
Bowman, M. J. (1988). The protection of animals under international law. Conn. J. Int’l L., 4, 487.
Brels, S. (2017). A global approach to animal protection. Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy, 20(1), 105-123.
Brett, A. (2017). Rights of and over Animals in the Ius Naturae et Gentium (Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries). AJIL Unbound 111, 257-261
Chang, J. (2017). China’s Legal Response to Trafficking in Wild Animals: The Relationship between International Treaties and Chinese Law. AJIL Unbound 111, 408-412.
Favre, D. (2012) An International Treaty for Animal Welfare. 18 Animal L. 237.
Ferrero-García, J. J. (2013). The International Convention for the Protection of Birds (1902): a missed opportunity for wildlife conservation?. Ardeola, 60(2), 385-396.
Harrop, S. R. (2013) Wild Animal Welfare in International Law: The present position and the scope for development. Global Policy, Volume 4, Issue 4.
Horta, O. (2013). Expanding global justice: The case for the international protection of animals. Global policy, 4(4), 371-380.
Ivory, R. (2017). Corruption Gone Wild: Transnational Criminal Law and the International Trade in Endangered Species. AJIL Unbound 111, 413-418.
Kelch, T. G. (2016). Towards universal principles for global animal advocacy. Transnational Environmental Law, 5(1), 81-111.
Legge, D., Brooman, S. (2020) Reflecting on 25 years of teaching Animal Law: Is it time for an International Crime of Animal Ecocide? The Liverpool Law Review, 1-18.
Lurié, A., & Kalinina, M. (2015). Protecting animals in international trade: A study of the recent successes at the WTO and in Free Trade Agreements. Am. U. Int’l L. Rev., 30, 431.
Neumann, J.-M. (2012) The Universal Declaration of Animal Rights or the creation of a new equilibrium between species. Animal Law 19, pp. 91-109
Offor, I. (2020). Second wave animal ethics and (global) animal law: a view from the margins. Journal of Human Rights and the Environment, 11(2), 268-296.
Offor, I. (2020). Animals and the Impact of Trade Law and Policy: A Global Animal Law Question. Transnational Environmental Law, 1-24.
Otter, C., O’Sullivan, S., Ross, S. (2012) Laying the foundations for an International Animal Protection Regime. Journal of Animal Ethics, Vol. 2, N°1, pp.53-72
Peters, A. (2016). Global animal law: What it is and why we need it. Transnational Environmental Law, 5(1), 9-23.
Peters, A. (2017). Introduction to Symposium on Global Animal Law (Part I): Animals Matter in International Law and International Law Matters for Animals. AJIL Unbound, 111, 252-256.
Peters, A. (2017). Introduction to Symposium on Global Animal Law, Part II: The Case for Global Legal Animal Studies. AJIL Unbound, 111, 395-396.
Peters, A. (2018) Rights of Human and Nonhuman Animals: Complementing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. American Journal of International Law Unbound 112, pp. 355-360.
Peters, A. (2020). COVID-19 Shows the Need for a Global Animal Law. In dA Derecho Animal: Forum of Animal Law Studies (Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 0086-97).
Stucki, S. (2017). (Certified) Humane Violence? Animal Welfare Labels, the Ambivalence of Humanizing the Inhumane, and What International Humanitarian Law Has to Do with It. AJIL Unbound, 111, 277-281.
Sykes, K. (2014). Sealing animal welfare into the GATT exceptions: The international dimension of animal welfare in WTO disputes. World Trade Review, 13(3), 471-498.
Sykes, K. (2016) The appeal to science and the formation of Global Animal Law. European Journal of International Law, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp. 497-518.
Sykes, K. (2019). Global Animal Law and International Trade Law After EC-Seal Products: An Interactional Analysis.
Verniers, E. (2020). COVID-19 as impetus for an integrative approach to global animal welfare law. In YLRC” Governing Societal Challenges in Transformational Times”.
Weinberg, P. (1992). International Protection of Endangered Species: The Steps that Should Be Taken. Touro J. Transnat’l L., 3, 89.
White, S. (2013) Into the Void: International Law and the Protection of Animal Welfare. Global Policy, Vol 4(4), pp. 391-398
Draft International Treaties and Declarations
Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness. Proclaimed on July 7, 2012 – Cambridge – United Kingdom. https://www.violettanet.it/poesiealtro_autori/grafica/HAWKING__CambridgeDeclConsc.pdf
Declaration for the Constitutional Protection of Nonhuman Animals. Chile, 2020.
International Convention for the Protection of Animals. Proposed by the Committee for the Convention for the Protection of Animals. April 4, 1988. Available at:
Toulon Declaration on the Legal Personality of Animals. Proclaimed on March 29, 2019 – Toulon – France. https://www.univ-tln.fr/Declaration-de-Toulon.html
Universal Declaration of Animal Rights (UDAR). Proclaimed on October 15, 1978 – Paris – France. https://constitutii.files.wordpress.com/2016/06/file-id-607.pdf
Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare (UDAW): An agreement among people and nations to recognize that animals are sentient and can suffer, to respect their welfare needs and to end animal cruelty – for good. World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA), 2007.
United Nations Convention on Animal Health and Protection (UNCAHP). First pre-draft of the Global Animal Law GAL Association, August 23, 2018. https://www.globalanimallaw.org/database/universal.html
The Animals’ Manifesto. Preventing COVID-X. A call to “Build Forward” to create a more sustainable, equitable, and humane world, and prevent the next pandemic. Available at: https://pub.lucidpress.com/1c6e4a02-2bae-4656-a238-333d956dc2a0/#UP-zVY11Wtmv
United Nations. Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A/RES/70/1. https://sdgs.un.org/2030agenda
Apple Podcasts. Animal Welfare. International Animal Law.
Apple Podcasts. Animalogy.
Apple Podcasts. Knowing Animals.
Apple Podcasts. The Animal Law Podcast.
Global Policy. Into the Void: International Law and the Protection of Animal Welfare, by S. White.
JNE. Protection animale et santé globale: une solution face aux problèmes mondiaux, by S. Brels (May 8, 2020).
Latest Thinking. Anne Peters: Why do we need a Global Animal Law?
Max Planck Institute. Global Animal Law Project.
NRDC. Poachers abuse an international law loophole to sell some of the rarest animals on earth, by J. Bittel (March 28, 2016).
OIE. OIE Animal Welfare Standards.
OIE. OIE Global Animal Welfare Strategy.
OIPA. OIPA International together with over 150 Animal Protection and Environmental NGOs call for Animal Welfare to be included in Covid-19 recovery policies at Special Session of the UN General Assembly (December 4, 2020).
Sentient Media. “We stand at a crossroads”: Jane Goodall joins call for UN to address Animals, by J. Bridgers (December 3, 2020).